Design He created the “Integrated Transportation Network” in Curitiba, which is being replicated in other cities. His work deals with sustainable urban development and this has led him to cooperate with urban development planning in cities such as Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Recife, Salvador, Aracaju, Natal, Niterói, and others. He has also acted as consultant for urban issues in Shanghai, San Juan, Caracas, La Habana, Seul, and Santiago de los Caballeros. Jaime Lerner, a descendant of Polish immigrants, was born in Curitiba, Brazil, on December 17, 1937. He graduated in Architecture and Urban Planning at the School of Architecture of the Federal University of Paraná in 1964. Barely a year after he was responsible for the creation and structuring of the Institute of Urban Planning and Research of Curitiba (IPPUC). He was president of the IPPUC during 1968 and 1969, and participated in the development of the Curitiba master plan. He was Mayor of Curitiba for three terms: 1971/75, 1979/83 and 1989/92. For the third term, Lerner announced his candidacy so soon prior to the election that there was no time to campaign, even though he won. He was also Governor of Paraná State on two occasions (1995-98 and 1999-02). He was a consultant for urban affairs for the United Nations in 1975. The UN granted him the Maximum Environmental Award in 1990 and UNICEF honored him in 1996 for his programs “Da Rua para a Escola “(From the Street to School), “Protegendo a Vida” (Protecting Life) and “Universidade do Professor” (Professor’s University”). Integrated Transportation Network He created the “Integrated Transportation Network” in Curitiba, which is being replicated in other cities. His work deals with sustainable urban development and this has led him to cooperate with urban development planning in cities such as Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Recife, Salvador, Aracaju, Natal, Niterói, and others. He has also acted as consultant for urban issues in Shanghai, San Juan, Caracas, La Habana, Seul, and Santiago de los Caballeros. Jaime Lerner, a descendant of Polish immigrants, was born in Curitiba, Brazil, on December 17, 1937. He graduated in Architecture and Urban Planning at the School of Architecture of the Federal University of Paraná in 1964. Barely a year after he was responsible for the creation and structuring of the Institute of Urban Planning and Research of Curitiba (IPPUC). He was president of the IPPUC during 1968 and 1969, and participated in the development of the Curitiba master plan. He was Mayor of Curitiba for three terms: 1971/75, 1979/83 and 1989/92. For the third term, Lerner announced his candidacy so soon prior to the election that there was no time to campaign, even though he won. He was also Governor of Paraná State on two occasions (1995-98 and 1999-02). He was a consultant for urban affairs for the United Nations in 1975. The UN granted him the Maximum Environmental Award in 1990 and UNICEF honored him in 1996 for his programs “Da Rua para a Escola “(From the Street to School), “Protegendo a Vida” (Protecting Life) and “Universidade do Professor” (Professor’s University”). What did he do? Lerner created an innovative and revolutionary urban transportation system. In this system main streets were assigned exclusively for buses, special terminals were designed for these, and buses made of three cars were acquired, with doors large enough to correspond to the sliding doors at the terminals. The system emphasized linking the poorest sectors of town. In order to reduce costs and time the passenger who lived far away who had to pay, for example, a bus ticket to the center and another ticket from there to where he worked; now he can pay less than the cost of the two tickets, as long as the integrated transit system is used. This has saved time and makes the run of the Curitiba buses faster and transports a larger number of passengers. The system has been replicated with some changes in cities such as Bogota, Santiago, and Mexico City. The Curitiba transport system transports more passengers per hour than the public transit system of New York. Also, the system includes 160 kilometers of bicycles’ trails. According to Lerner, initiating change of a city with its transportation is vital, because an efficient public transit system quickly modifies citizens’ attitudes. Lerner also addresses the issues of poverty, the environment, and safety in the cities. A program developed by him to fight poverty involves environmental care and sustainability. He established free food distribution services. Also, he assigned small plots of land for orchards and housing which are built with construction materials provided with long term municipal financing. Each new home built was given a fruit and an ornamental tree. Also counseling is provided for housing construction. Wagons run throughout the city exchanging two kilos of garbage segregated according to recyclable rules for a bonus which serves to obtain one kilo of food, notebooks, books or transportation tickets. This has resulted in 96% of the city’s garbage being recycled, and in turn, has improved the population’s health. Another initiative was to build numerous parks which have turned the city green. CURITIBA – a role model. A city with over two million people, considered the greenest city in the world. A true paradise with a literacy percentage of 96 and higher studies of 83%. Legacy Lerner has demonstrated that large resources are not needed to make a city ecologically sustainable, safe, and with a transportation system that is fast and trustworthy. It only takes willpower. He believes that sustainability is made out to be overcomplicated. It is simple – all you need to do is to calculate what is saved and what is wasted. If waste is zero, sustainability is infinite. Savings must be done more and more and use everything to its maximum. His advice is: “use the car less, segregate garbage for recycling, and live near your workplace”. He has published two books: Urban Acupuncture (Editora Record, Rio de Janeiro, 2003) which is a compilation of smale scale urban interventions. Urban acupuncture: “Quick interventions to improve specific issues.” O vizinho, parente de rua (Editora Record, Rio de Janeiro, 2005) for children and youngsters, in order to make them aware of a city’s functioning. Awards Global Award for Transportation Technology Sir Robert Mathew Award for improvement of the quality of human settlements, granted by the International Union of Architects Volvo Environmental Award
www.jaimelerner.com